Ménière’s disease (MD) triggers are different from patient to patient. It is possible that you have one trigger, or you may have many. You may want to keep a food and activity diary. This can help you find what your triggers are.
While there is no sodium (salt) recommendation specifically for patients with MD, the American Heart Association recommends an “ideal” limitation of 1500 mg and having no more than 2300 mg.1
Stress can play a role in making MD symptoms worse. It is hard to live a stress-free life; however, there are many things you can do to manage stress. A few things you can do are:
Diet may not affect everyone the same way. However, having too much sodium (salt) in your diet can increase fluid in the inner ear. Reading food labels can help you keep track and avoid having too much sodium. Foods that are naturally low in sodium include:
Also, having too much caffeine has been known in some people to trigger an attack. However, caffeine does not affect everyone.
Living a healthy lifestyle and developing coping methods is a great practice to maintain good health. It may also help to control symptoms of MD. Examples of lifestyle changes are:
1 Cogswell ME, Zhang Z, Carriquiry AL, et al. Sodium and potassium intakes among US adults: NHANES 2003-2008. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;96(3):647-657.
Basura GJ, Adams ME, Monfared A, et al. Clinical practice guideline: ménière’s disease. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;162(2_Suppl):S1-S55.